Who Fought for and Got Widow Remarriage Act Legalised


    The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act of 1856 legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows on July 16, 1856. The law was passed on July 26, 1856. In this article, you can read all about the law and how it was born for the IAS audit. In 1989, a new law, the Hindu Widows Remarriage and Property Act, was introduced by the Indian government. The Act sought to legalize remarriage, provide assistance to widows and give them legal advice. Thus, the previous act has become superfluous and is no longer feasible. Thus, the Hindu Widows Remarriage Act has been repealed. 5. Under the Hindu Widows Remarriage Act, 1856; The widow was allowed to lose any inheritance she had received from her deceased husband.

    At present, however, the law accepts the remarriage of the widow, and various customs prohibit it, and these traditions do not fall within the scope of the law. The widow in such societies has to face difficulties and lead a difficult life. “With a courage rarely surpassed in the history of social reform, he, Brahmin of Brahmins and expert of experts, proclaimed in 1855 that the eternal widowhood of Hindu women who had lost their husbands was not sanctioned by the Shastras; and that the marriage of Hindu widows was permitted,” Subal Chandra Mitra wrote in his sprawling biography of 19th-century Hindu Brahmin reformer (upper caste) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, in the East Indian region of Bengal, who adopted the most immutable orthodoxy, striking its gnarled foundations not from the outside but from within, using texts and traditions against their misuse. Answer: The widow`s first remarriage took place in Calcutta in 1856, the groom being the son of a close friend of Vidyasagar. In 1856, after the passage of the Hindu Widows Remarriage Act, there were several challenges for the people and authority. The conflict between those who supported the law and those who opposed it caused chaos. Over time, the challenges gradually diminished. It was a clear injustice to women.

    Many people then began to support the law. The law legalized remarriage and gave women the rights and equality they deserve as members of society. This meant for all widows in all jurisdictions. To amplify the effect of the law, Vishnu Shastri Pandit founded the Association for the Remarriage of Widows. The association was established in the 1950s and the main goal was to give widows the support and courage to break false norms and remarry. A certificate of non-remarriage is issued to a woman whose spouse is missing, deceased, divorced or abandoned. The purpose of the certificate is to indicate that the woman is single and has not remarried after her first husband. The law frees the practice of custom, which hindered the widow`s remarriage. In addition, the law confers the following rights on the widow: It is fascinating to note that even at that time, the remarriage of widows in the lower castes was common, unlike the upper castes.

    In 1856, a landmark law was passed in the country, namely the Hindu Widows Remarriage Act, which legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows throughout the country, saving them from the pains of the Sati system. The purpose of the law was to justify the remarriage of widows and to eliminate superstition and inequality in Hindu society. The crime was revealed in the lives of socially neglected women. He legalized the remarriage of widowed women. Lord Dalhousie drafted the legislation and then Lord Canning passed it. Justice for widowed children whose husbands died before completion has been particularly targeted and promoted. A widow was considered unfavorable and was not invited to public events and celebrations. These orthodox beliefs were also prevalent among the educated. Women faced immense oppression and oppression in society. After her husband`s death, the difficulties they faced were many. They were forced to abandon the way of life they had before the death of their husbands.

    A widow was forced to live colorless and unhappy. You should shave your head, sleep in separate rooms, wear only white sari and eat only tasteless food. There were times when a widow was burned alive with her husband`s corpse (Sati system). Yes, remarriage has become possible for widows. Even after centuries of acceptance, hesitation about remarriage remains. Often, a widow is perceived as powerless and burdensome. The uncertainties about the second marriage and the future of the children of the first marriage worry the widow. She was therefore reluctant to remarry. In essence, Vidyasagar advanced an argument so simple and sophisticated that it would have devastating effects – the options for widows, according to the texts, were to remarry, live celibacy or kill themselves at the stake of their deceased husband. Thanks to the efforts of previous reformers such as Raja Ram Mohun Roy, the third option has already been banned by the British government. And living a life of celibacy was difficult in the Kali Yuga or the age of spiritual degeneration. A significant proportion of Indian widows are deprived of their inheritance rights.

    The problem is exacerbated when the widow moves forward with a new partner in her life. Despite a plethora of inheritance laws, she is betrayed and left to fend for herself. Neither she nor the children of the deceased husband receive anything from the deceased husband`s property. In India during this century, the life of widows was the worst imaginable. Widows were expected to abandon the pleasures of life and be excluded from society. They lived an extreme life where they were not allowed to wear colors and makeup and eat good food. They were excluded from all joyous occasions and were supposed to wear the sari made of coarse materials. Widows were forced to forcibly renounce the comforts of life and live as saints and hermits. According to Article 6, all ceremonies and engagements performed at the marriage of an unmarried Hindu woman are sufficient to establish a valid marriage and have a similar effect when performed at the marriage of a Hindu widow.

    In addition, these ceremonies are not applicable to widows` marriages. Social problems have been failing women in India for a long time. Reformers and revolutionaries are constantly trying to bring about change from the beginning. Conventional social norms such as child marriage, Johar, Sati and No to women`s remarriage have not favoured women in terms of humanity and equality. In India, many reforms related to women`s well-being have been implemented. One such reform was the Hindu Widows Remarriage Act. The law sought to reject superstition, false beliefs and inequality among Indians regarding widows` remarriages. Remarriages have been approved for widows in all jurisdictions. Where it is right to exempt all these Hindus from this legal incapacity of which they complain, and the removal of all legal obstacles to the marriage of Hindu widows will serve the promotion of good morals and the common good; It is known that Hindu widows, under the law applied by the civil courts established in the territories belonging to and under the Government of the East India Company, are considered incapable of contracting a valid second marriage, with some exceptions, and that the descendants of these widows from a second marriage are considered illegitimate and incapable. Property to be inherited.

    and India suffered from a great number of social ills, and the Satu system was one of them.