Jesus quoted them, both from the law of Moses! You can find these two great commandments in Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18. Moses did not invent these laws, but God gave them to him to transmit to Israel then and to us today. We saw in chapter 11 how the Lord began the revelation of the law for Israel with the ten principles that summarize how people should treat God, their families, and their fellow human beings. Immediately after the Ten Commandments, the Lord revealed a whole series of laws and commandments that we now call the Mosaic Law. Faith, repentance, water baptism, and forgiveness of sins were part of the law, as were the Ten Commandments. Although inferior to the fulness of the gospel, there were many provisions of great ethical and moral value in the law of Moses that corresponded to the divine laws of each dispensation. We expect to live to see the day when every priesthood council of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints understands its duty, if we live long enough (and if some of us do not live long enough to see it), assume our responsibilities, magnify their callings, and take their place in the Church. When that day comes, there will not be as much need for work that is now done by the auxiliaries because it is done by the regular priesthood quorums. The Lord conceived and understood it from the beginning, and He provided the Church with meeting all needs through regular priesthood organizations.
 If they have a quarrel, he comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make known the laws of God and his laws. The St. Agatha Church, to which the mural belongs, was once Anglican, but is now part of the personal ordinariate of Our Lady of Walsingham. This means that although the Church retains its Anglican traditions and customs, the congregation now belongs to the Catholic Church. The photos here are courtesy of St. Agatha`s Trust. Two other features of the Mosaic law are important for your understanding before you begin to study the actual laws. First, much of the Mosaic Code is jurisprudence. One scholar explained that the law does two things: In summary, as one studies the law of Moses, one can expect to find (1) a testimony of Jesus Christ and His Atonement, and (2) gospel principles illustrated in the given laws. Many laws may no longer be required of the saints, but the principles taught are eternal and will never be suspended. For example, the practice of blood sacrifice was performed when Jesus came and the signs of the sacrament were given in place of the old law.
But the principle was just as true when the signs were animals sacrificed on the altar as they are today when the signs are bread and water blessed by the priesthood. The eternal principle is that only by participating in the Lamb`s Atonement can we overcome our sins and be forgiven. God`s laws are always wise and ordained for the good of mankind. But when Judah (the Jews) fell into apostasy and lost the priesthood, they took the principle of baptism and some of these washings and mixed them up, forming a new interpretation and initiating the tradition that is still practiced today. They call it the mikveh, which means “fetching water.” It is a ritual bath, immersion, cleaning or washing.  Jews of different religious interpretations use it in different ways. Some do it only once or twice in their lives, while others do it frequently. In Qumran, near the Dead Sea, there are many of these wells.
They look like a baptismal font, but they are the mikveh (bath) of the Jews who lived there.  The ancient fortress of Masada also has these basins.  Excavations south of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem also show many mikvehs.  “Second, theft can cause problems of defense against the thief [see Exodus 22:2–3]. A burglar at night can legitimately be killed by the owners to defend his property; It is part of their self-defense of themselves and their property. There`s no reason to assume that this break doesn`t cover the barn or garage today. In broad daylight, however, the murder of a thief is manslaughter, except in self-defense. The thief can then be identified and arrested, so this is a protection in itself.
If the thief cannot make amends, he must be sold as a slave to meet the demand for reparation. This today means a kind of guard in which the total income of the convicted thief is organized in such a way that a full refund is provided. However, the influence of the ancient legal tradition of the Near East on the law of ancient Israel is recognized and well documented, for example in principles such as the lex talionis (“eye for an eye”) and in the content of the provisions. Some similarities are striking, as in the provisions concerning a human ox (Code of Laws Hammurabi 250-252, Exodus 21, 28-32). Some authors have postulated a direct influence: David P. Wright, for example, asserts that the federal code is “directly, principally, and systematically dependent on the laws of Hammurabi,” “a creative paraphrase of Mesopotamian sources.” be considered as an academic abstraction and not as a compendium of laws”.  Others postulate indirect influence, for example via Aramaic or Phoenician mediators.  It was agreed that the similarities are the result of common oral traditions. Another example: the Israelite sabbatical year has precursors in the Akkadian mesharum edicts, which provide periodic help to the poor.
 An important difference, however, is that in the ancient legal systems of the Near East, as in more recent Ugaritic texts, the king was given an important and ultimate role in the legal process. Ancient Israel, before the monarchical period that began with David, was founded as a theocracy rather than a monarchy, although God is most often portrayed as a king.  “The following is a general view on this issue. In [Exodus 20], the Ten Commandments are given; and at the same time various political and ecclesiastical statutes, which are described in detail in chapters [21-23]. In order to receive them, Moses had drawn near to the dense darkness in which God was, [20:21], and after receiving them, he came with them again to the people, according to their request made earlier, verse 19: Speak to us – but do not let the Lord speak to us, lest we die, for they were frightened by the way, how God spoke the Ten Commandments; See ver. 18. Then Moses went up the mountain with Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and the seventy elders; And on his return, he proclaimed to the people all these laws [24:1] &c., and they promised obedience. There is still not a word on the stone tables.
Then he wrote it all down in a book, [24:4], which was called the book of the covenant, verse 7. Then there was a second ascent of Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu and the Seventy Elders [24:9] when this glorious discovery of God, mentioned in verses 10 and 11 of the same chapter, took place.